Philippine Declaration of Independence: June 12, 1898
Sorry it’s taken so long, but here it is (finally)!
Back in 1895, the country of the Philippines was a colony known as the Spanish East Indies. The next year was the beginning of the end for the Spanish East Indies and the beginning of the beginning of what is now the Philippines. I 1896, the Philippine Revolution started, lasting two years. This fits in nicely with the Spanish-American war in 1898, and because America had proven itself to be a strong country (and also a former colony that revolted) and also because they both disliked Spain at the time, the two countries allied with each other. It was an effective alliance, ending the war quickly by May of 1898. On May 1st, the Americans won the Battle of Manila Bay, virtually ending the war. Later that month, the U.S. Navy transported revolutionary leader Emilio Aguiraldo back to his newly freed country—or was it? As part of the 1898 Treaty of Paris that ended the Spanish-American war, America was given sovereignty of The Philippines, which the Filipino government didn’t recognize, sparking the short-lived Philippine-American War. The U.S. won, and The Philippines would be ‘pacified’ in 1902 by President Theodore Roosevelt until July 4, 1942, when they were granted independence.
The Spanish-American War deserves a look at as well, for a couple reasons. For one, ‘yellow journalism’ (basically the tabloids) got its start at this point publicizing (and dramatizing) the poor treatment of Cuban citizens by the Spanish and the explosion on the U.S.S. Maine. Because America helped Cuba get its independence from Spain as well, they were allowed unlimited access to Guantanamo Bay (yes, that’s when we got it). Also, the Spanish-American War cemented America’s status as a world power virtually overnight and set the stage for all other conflicts the U.S. would be involved in to come.